Inside The First Amendment Welcome to college, where religious freedom goes to die

  • Written by Charles C. Haynes

In the Orwellian world of many college and university campuses, all faiths are welcome – but some faiths are more welcome than others.
Just this month, for example, California State University (CSU) “derecognized” InterVarsity Christian Fellowship, an evangelical student organization with more than 900 chapters at colleges and universities across the country.
In plain English, this means InterVarsity will no longer be a recognized student club at any of the 23 schools in the CSU system.
InterVarsity can still meet on campus – but minus the benefits accorded recognized student organizations, including access to meeting rooms and official university events.
Not only will InterVarsity now have a difficult time reaching students, an InterVarsity spokesman estimates that losing these benefits will cost each chapter up to $20,000 annually.
De-recognition of conservative religious groups is happening at many other schools, an exclusionary process that is affecting student organizations representing evangelicals, Mormons, Catholics and others.
Why are colleges and universities – places of higher learning supposedly committed to the free exchange of ideas and beliefs – withdrawing recognition from these groups?
For one simple reason: InterVarsity and other conservative religious clubs require student officers to affirm the faith of the group they lead.
College and university officials argue that their non-discrimination policies prohibit student organizations from imposing a faith-based requirement for leadership. Any student must be eligible to lead any group – whatever his or her beliefs.
In other words, in what can only be described as Newspeak, many universities now define “non-discrimination” as requiring discrimination against conservative religious groups.
But aren’t policies barring student clubs from imposing faith-based eligibility criteria for leadership unconstitutional violations of religious liberty and freedom of association – at least at public universities where the First Amendment applies?
Not according to the U.S. Supreme Court. In 2010, a deeply divided Court held in Christian Legal Society v. Martinez that so-called “all comers” policies are constitutional. As a result, public colleges and universities are now free to require all student clubs to allow any student to be eligible for leadership of the group.
Since that ruling, Intervarsity and other conservative Christian organizations have been “derecognized” at a growing number of public universities. And some private universities have invoked the reasoning behind the High Court’s decision to defend their exclusion of some religious groups from recognition.
Students of faith on many campuses are now faced with the cruel choice of either compromising their faith by permitting any student to be eligible for leadership (which often includes leading worship and scripture study) or following their conscience and losing the benefits of being a recognized student club.
The move toward “all comers” policies directed at conservative religious groups has been triggered by what many perceive as a clash between religious claims and LGBT rights – a clash that is, of course, at the heart of many other culture war battles today.
Until this culture war fight erupted, few questioned the reasonableness of allowing the Republican club to require that their leaders be Republican or the environmental club to require that their officers be environmentalists.
But the growing commitment of colleges and universities to ensure non-discrimination for LGBT students – a commitment I strongly applaud – has been accompanied by a backlash against those religious groups whose views on sexuality are reflected in their requirements for leadership.
It should be underscored that such faith-based requirements are not aimed at excluding LGBT students from leadership roles, but rather intended to ensure that whomever is selected to lead the club – a form of ministry – adheres to the core convictions of the faith.
In response to the de-recognition and exclusion of student clubs like InterVarsity, a number of states – including North Carolina, Idaho, Virginia and Ohio – have enacted laws ensuring that student groups at public universities have the right to adopt eligibility criteria for its officers consistent with their religious beliefs.
But it shouldn’t take legislation to get colleges and universities to uphold religious liberty and freedom of association by creating an open and welcoming environment for a broad range of beliefs and faiths.
When colleges and universities enforce “inclusion” by excluding some religious voices, they cripple the spirit of free inquiry and robust debate that should be at the heart of their mission. The “marketplace of ideas,” it should be remembered, is not confined to the “marketplace of ideas we like.”

Charles C. Haynes is director of the Religious Freedom Center of the Newseum Institute, 555 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20001. Web: Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

The jury is out on this duty

  • Written by Bob Rakow


Bobs Column - The B SideJury summons.
I complained since the day it arrived.
Where? Cook County Criminal Courts. 26th Street and California Avenue. Not the Bridgeview or Markham branches of the circuit court, which are much closer to my home.
When? A Tuesday. Deadline day here at the Reporter.
Then again, I was a standby juror. Maybe when I call the court the day before my assigned date, I’d find out they wouldn’t need me. It worked a few years ago for my wife.
No such luck. Individuals with last names beginning with D through R were to report. I guess Bob Rakow was spending a day at the Criminal Courts Building.
The trip there was less hectic than I expected despite Western Avenue construction that detoured cars to Damen Avenue. I still arrived in plenty of time and checked into the jury room before 9:30 a.m.
I was on panel 43. There was a decent chance that panel would not be called. After all, I never made it past the waiting room the last time I had jury duty at criminal court.
Instead, I spotted former Oak Lawn Trustee Steve Rosenbaum back then and chatted with him most of the day. I got into a car crash on the way home that afternoon, but wasn’t called for jury duty. Hey, I’m a “glass half full” kind of guy.
This time there were no familiar faces in the waiting room and no traffic accidents on the way home, but my jury panel was the third one called. It was looking more and more like I’d be spending some time in the jury box.
A large group was led on a long walk from the jury room to a courtroom on the seventh floor. Other proceedings were ongoing, so we were forced to wait in the hallway for nearly an hour.
When we finally were seated, the judge told us we were potential jurors in a case involving battery and some lesser charges. He introduced the prosecuting attorneys and the defendant, who was acting in his own defense.
At one point, the defendant called for a sidebar and approached the bench—probably a big “Law and Order” fan. It was the most amusing moment of the day—the defendant as Johnnie Cochran.
The judge then read the names of all the potential witnesses, offered some other instructions and sent us to lunch. A 90-minute lunch. I’d have settled for a half-hour break. There’s nothing to do in the courthouse, and the cafeteria food is average at best.
But the extra time did give me a chance to write a story for the Reporter. If you read last week’s Oak Lawn flooding update story, it was written in the jury waiting room, which is a great place to get stuff done. It’s quiet, there’s usually no one to talk to and working on something helps pass the time.
I returned to the courtroom at 2 p.m. ready to face questions from the attorneys and the defendant acting in his own defense. Maybe I’d be selected, maybe not. As I entered the jury box, I noticed my hefty paycheck for $17.50 on my chair.

Inside The First Amendment - Social media no longer just free expression ‘toy box’

  • Written by Gene Policinski

 Time to take social media out of the freedom of expression “toy box.”

Serious issues and serious work now abound in this relatively young method by which we not only exchange information, but also to rally to causes and hold public officials accountable.
Just a few years ago, scarcely a few percent of Americans turned to Twitter, Facebook and the like for real news and issues. The medium was dismissed as the stuff of gossip, personal notes and largely meaningless personal snapshots. 
And ok, fascination with the “selfie” persists today.
But from controversy in Ferguson, Mo., to tragedies in the Middle East to the flap over hacked nude photos of celebrities to serious debate over domestic abuse and pro athletes, social media is driving public discussion and debate that is the essence of First Amendment freedoms.
The passion of public protest (in other words, the freedoms of assembly and petition), was extended and multiplied in Ferguson, Mo., where street demonstrations over the shooting death of Michael Brown instantly reached a world audience – and may well have been eclipsed in impact by virtual protests.
A photo posted on Aug. 13 of more than 200 Howard University students with their hands and arms in the air, accompanied by the Twitter hashtag “#dontshoot,” became an iconic expression online, and prompted hundreds of posts of similar poses – and thousands of comments.
Even as what many saw as a stereotypical and negative photo of Brown was released by authorities – showing his hands making what some claimed was a gang sign – thousands posted online photos at “#iftheygunnedmedown,” showing two images of the same person side-by-side, one playing to a violent image but the other showing innocent scenes, often with family members and young children.
  The ISIS thugs chose to use social media to post horrific videos of their brutal slayings of two U.S. journalists and a British aid worker, and they reportedly also make sophisticated use of the online medium to recruit others to their ranks. In effect, these terrorists used “freedom of speech” for vile purposes.
  Even what is not on social media gets attention: Using their own free expression rights to determine what content will appear in their sites, social media operations made decisions to remove and prevent reposting of the ISIS murder videos, and took quick action to prevent the spread of purloined nude photos of several celebrities.
All just new aspects of an age-old question for editors and broadcasters: What to do with graphic, disturbing and or vulgar images that are in the news?

Book it – Oak Lawn author beat odds getting story published on his first try

  • Written by Claudia Parker

Claudia Mug Shot-ColorPath Press, Inc. said it was love at first sight with its title, “The Black Knights.”
During my recent interview with J. Marcellus Burke, of Oak Lawn regarding the release of his new book, “The Black Knights,” I found myself enthralled by how easily he became published.
Burke is the subject of a front-page piece in this week’s Reporter that I wrote but that article doesn’t explain how Burke went from being a writer, carrying around a manuscript, to published author, with a traditional publishing company after just one solicitation.
“They looked it over, told me to clean it up, and gave me a contract.” Burke said.
I sat down with Path Press President, Bennett J. Johnson during a book signing for Burke, at the American Legion in Chicago Ridge. Johnson stated, a-matter-of-factly, “‘The Black Knights’ was published on the merit of the author’s skill. Read it and you’ll find out for yourself.”
Perhaps Johnson didn’t want me to misconstrue him giving Burke an on-the-spot contract with him being inexperienced. Because, then he exclaimed, “Let there be no mistake, I’ve been in business since 1961.”
Those were his words, but if I could guess his body language, it might have sounded more like…“This ain’t my first rodeo. I know a good manuscript when I read one.”
Johnson’s rare first-try-contract spared Burke the arduous process most aspiring authors’ experience. Even an optimist like myself would tell an unpublished writer to expect to query at least 20 publishers or literary agents before getting a contract. Once a signed contract is in place, it may be 18 months to three years before the book hits the market. Nevertheless, time can be salvaged by pursuing the appropriate establishment.
Budding writers are commonly advised to look for publishers that specialize in the genre of which they’ve written. Being that Burke’s book is about WWII fighter pilots of African descent, he said he felt Path Press was a great place to start.
He was right.
Johnson said Burke’s manuscript fit perfectly into the criteria of his company’s mission.
“We seek to provide opportunities for people of African descent and Third World heritage to write stories in a way that expresses their ideas or concerns on topics about political, philosophical, social or any other aspect of human existence.” Johnson said.
Path Press, Inc. is a small company but it is long standing.
“I founded one of the first black-owned publishing companies in the United States — we launched in Chicago in 1969.” Johnson said.
Johnson said he ceased production with Path Press for a number of years and began working with Third World Press as its vice president. One of their main achievements was the publication of “The Covenant with Black America,” by Tavis Smiley, which became a New York Times bestseller in 2006. Smiley is most known for his radio talk show, “The Tavis Smiley Show.”
However in 2012, Johnson decided to reactivate Path Press to pay homage to his late friend and co-founder Herman C. Gilbert. He said, “I’ve acquired several manuscripts that are outstanding in creativity. My goal is to continue to produce quality work.”
At Burke’s rate, he just might be the next New York Times bestselling author Johnson helps bring to the forefront.
Good luck gentlemen, I salute you both.

  Claudia Parker is an Evergreen Park mother, author, runner whose columns appear the second and fourth Thursdays for the Reporter.

Evil by any other name: Why branding ISIS matters

  • Written by Charles C. Haynes

Evil by any other name: Why branding ISIS matters

“ISIS, ISIL, Islamic State — or whatever you want to call it.”
That’s how one NPR reporter referred to the new face of terror this week as the United States prepares for another long, hard struggle against a brutal enemy of humanity.
What’s in name? After all, evil by any other name remains evil.
When it comes to terrorism, however, branding matters. ISIS leaders may read “Islam for Dummies” to fake the world into thinking they know something about Islam (according to news reports), but they are no dummies when it comes to waging a war for the hearts and minds of young Muslims.
After a murderous sweep across Iraq in June, ISIS declared an Islamic “caliphate” — and renamed themselves the “Islamic State.” At first most media outlets stuck with ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria) or ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) — both acronyms that obscure the “Islamic” part.
But “ISIS” and “ISIL” have been gradually supplanted by “Islamic State” in a growing number of news stories and commentaries about the conflict.
The media drumbeat that our enemy is an “Islamic State” is a significant propaganda victory for ISIS, an extremist group that seeks to recruit young Muslims to help “restore” what ISIS misleadingly describes as an Islamic order that will unite all Muslims.
The power of the term “Islamic State” is clearly not lost on governments organizing to fight ISIS. The Obama administration, for example, uses “ISIL” and avoids uttering the words “Islamic State.”
Not surprisingly, Muslim leaders in the U.S. and around the world are especially disturbed and outraged by the appropriation of “Islamic State” by militant thugs. As Nihad Awad, executive director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, explained last week in a column for
“Every time we refer to ISIS as the ‘Islamic State,’ call its members ‘jihadists’ or in any way grant it the religious legitimacy that it so desperately seeks, we simultaneously boost its brand, tarnish the image of Islam and further marginalize the vast majority of Muslims who are disgusted by the group’s un-Islamic actions.”
American media outlets, of course, are free to print the self-description used by militants in Iraq and Syria — even when that description offends and disturbs people of faith. Consider how many Christians are repelled by news accounts of the “Christian Identity” movement, a hate-filled, white supremacy group that is antithetical to the teachings of the Gospels. Or how many Baptists cringe every time they read “Westboro Baptist Church” in the headlines.
But media outlets are also free to make judgment calls about what best serves the public interest. Nine years ago, for example, many newspapers declined to publish the Danish cartoons that denigrated the Muslim faith. And today, a growing number of newspapers are opting to stop using the term “Redskins” when reporting on the Washington, D.C. football team.
Given the high stakes in the fight against ISIS, I can only hope that news organizations will consider following the lead of The New York Times, which has stuck with “ISIS” even as many other news outlets have switched to “Islamic State.”
Call ISIS what you will, there is no “Islamic State.”

Charles C. Haynes is director of the Religious Freedom Center of the Newseum Institute, 555 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20001. Web: Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.